Are Drugs to Blame? Symptoms of Drug-induced Psychosis

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Are Drugs to Blame? Symptoms of Drug-induced Psychosis

When abused, drugs and alcohol can cause the user to partake in behavior that they normally wouldn’t, or to experience some unusual side effects, but when this goes too far, it may be signs of drug-induced psychosis. However, when this goes too far, it may indicate a serious, psychological problem. Today we’re sharing a list of common symptoms of drug-induced psychosis and what it means to experience psychosis from drugs.

What Is Drug-Induced Psychosis?

Drug-induced psychosis is an episode of psychosis that has been triggered by the use of drugs or alcohol. Psychosis itself refers to conditions that affect the mind, during which the individual loses touch with reality.

Also referred to as drug-induced psychotic disorder, this condition often appears to be the result of an underlying mental health issue that has been brought on by substance abuse. Drug-induced psychosis may occur after taking too much of a drug, during drug withdrawal, or as a negative side effect of mixing substances.

It can occur with both illicit drugs as well as prescription drugs that are abused and may get worse over time. Typically, drug-induced psychosis draws on the user’s chemical and psychological dependence on the substance and leads them to have a temporary break from reality.

While it sounds extreme, drug-induced psychosis is estimated to occur with 36.5% of methamphetamine users.1 It is a serious matter that often requires the attention of medical experts. It can lead to long-term mental health problems that may hinder that person’s ability to live a normal life.

In some cases, it may even lead the person to commit suicide or harm themselves. One study found that as many as 18% of patients who experience a psychotic episode will attempt suicide or practice self-harm before seeking mental health care.

 

Signs & Symptoms of Drug-Induced Psychosis

It is important to be able to recognize drug-induced psychosis symptoms as soon as possible so that the person experiencing this problem can receive treatment at our drug rehab in Palm Beach before their symptoms get worse or they attempt to hurt themselves. If left untreated, substance-abuse psychosis may get worse, especially if the dosage or frequency of the drug use increases.

During an episode of psychosis from drug use, a person’s thoughts and perceptions are severely disturbed to the point where they may struggle to understand what’s real and what’s not. Some of the most common drug psychosis symptoms include:

  • Hallucinations and delusions (usually appear shortly after drinking or taking the drug)
  • Incoherent or nonsense speech
  • Behavior that’s inappropriate for the situation
  • Confusion
  • Paranoia
  • Anxiety and panic attacks
  • Social withdrawal

 

Hallucinations are typically auditory or visual experiences, meaning the person may hear or see things that aren’t real. Delusions refer to firmly held false beliefs that are not consistent with reality.

Three types of delusions may occur during an episode of drug psychosis:

  • Persecution delusions: where you might believe someone is spying on you
  • Jealousy delusions: these often involve a partner, where you may believe they have been unfaithful, despite not having evidence to prove it
  • Grandiose delusions: where you may experience an exaggerated sense of power, such as believing that you have magical abilities or you have made a major discovery

 

From the outside, your loved one may appear confused and talk about something that doesn’t make sense. They may even partake in unusual and strange behaviors.

Drug-induced paranoia may also occur during an episode of psychosis. Because of these hallucinations, the person may mistakenly believe that something or someone is out to get them.

Additionally, it’s also important to be aware of the most common psychosis-inducing drugs, which include:

  • Methamphetamine
  • Cocaine
  • LSD
  • Ecstasy
  • MDMA
  • Marijuana

 

Drug-Induced Psychosis Treatment

The diagnosis and treatment of substance-induced psychosis can be tricky because many people who are struggling with a mental health problem turn to drugs or alcohol to cope and self-medicate. In turn, their substance abuse may make their mental health worse.

The best way to break this cycle is by addressing both issues at the same time. Our addiction and mental health rehab in Florida offers dual diagnosis treatment that helps patients in these situations overcome both their substance use and mental health disorders.

If you or a loved one is battling substance abuse and struggling with poor mental health, get help now. Learn more about Behavioral Health of the Palm Beaches, also known as the Center for Alcohol & Drug Studies, by calling 561-220-3981.

 

Related Reading:

How Long Does Meth Stay in Your System?

Cocaine High Effects: What Does it Feel Like?

 

 

Sources:

  1. ScienceDirect – The prevalence of substance-induced psychotic disorder in methamphetamine misusers: A meta-analysis
  2. BMJ-Journals – High rates of suicide attempt in early-onset psychosis are associated with depression, anxiety and previous self-harm

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